NEPAD was integrated into the structures and processes of the African Union (AU) as per the AU Assembly decision at the February 2010 14th AU Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency has been designated as the technical body of the African Union and a more focused implementation agency, namely the NEPAD Agency.

The core mandate of the NPCA is to facilitate and coordinate the implementation of continental and regional priority programmes, push for partnerships and projects and to mobilise resources and partners in support of their implementation.

It also responsible for conducting and coordinating research and knowledge management, monitor and evaluate the implementation of programmes and advocate on the AU and NEPAD vision, mission and core values.

The NPCA is in charge of ensuring the implementation of all Programme for infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) Priority Action Plan (PAP). Additionally the IPPF Fund, are responsible for implementing all preparatory activities relating to the PIDA Priority Action Plan (PAP).